Vaccines – how did they come about?

6th August 2022

I find vaccines quite fascinating. To be more accurate, I find the thinking and emotion around vaccines endlessly fascinating… and often quite disturbing. They have become, what we in the UK call ‘national treasures.’

A national treasure is someone, such as Dame Judi Dench, or Sir David Attenborough. We laugh at their little jokes, we forgive them any possible weakness, we treat their statements as carrying a great and solemn weight. They have moved to a sainted realm.

If, for example, someone was to say about David Attenborough. ‘God, what a terrible bore. Time he was put into a nursing home, and stopped moaning on about Climate Change…’ This statement would not, I can guarantee, be met with Universal approval.  Moving on …

Mithridatism. Most people have never heard of it.

‘Mithridatism is the practice of protecting oneself against a poison by gradually self-administering non-lethal amounts. The word is derived from Mithridates VI, the King of Pontus, who so feared being poisoned that he regularly ingested small doses, aiming to develop immunity.’ From my favourite website of all time – Wikipedia. Hey, before you start, it’s good for non-contentious subjects.

From mithridatism came the substance Theriac Mithridatium. Also called Galene, or Venetian treacle. These were the universal panaceas, designed to cure all ailments suffered by mankind … and, of course, womankind. They were complex to prepare:

‘The preparation of Galene was simple in that its ingredients were free of fractional measures. Four vipers cut down small were placed in a solution of sal ammoniac, about one gallon, to which were added nine specified herbs and Attic wine, together with five fresh squills also cut down small. The pot was covered with clay and set upon a fire. When the vapour came out of the four small holes left in the clay seal, dark and turgid, the heat had reached the vipers and they were cooked. The pot was left to cool for a night and day. The roasted matter was taken out and pounded until all was reduced to powder. After 10 days the powder was ready for the next stage of manufacture.

At the final stage the prescribed quantities of 55 herbs previously prepared by various processes, along with the prescribed quantity of squill and viper flesh powder (48 drachms), were added to hedychium, long pepper and poppy juice (all at 24 drachms); eight herbs including cinnamon and opobalsam (all at 12 drachms); 18 herbs including myrrh, black and white pepper and turpentine resin (at 6 drachms); 22 others and then Lemnian earth and roasted copper (at 4 drachms each); bitumen and castoreum (the secretion of beaver); 150 drachms of honey and 80 drachms of vetch meal.

The concoction took some 40 days to prepare, after which the process of maturation began. Twelve years was considered by Galen the proper period to keep it before use. Galen records that the Emperor Marcus Aurelius consumed the preparation within 2 months of its being compounded without ill effect.

Mithridatium was similar but contained fewer ingredients and no viper but did contain lizard! The other differences were that the opium content of Andromachus’ theriac was higher than that of Mithridatium, which also differed in containing no Lemnian earth, copper or bitumen and 14 fewer herbal ingredients…1

Simple to prepare … I think I would prefer to make a bacon sandwich, thanks very much.

Various formulations of mithridatium were painstakingly put together, in public, to ensure that no-one was cutting corners, by substituting newt for lizard – or some other such underhand substitutions. Yes, it was vitally important that mithridatium was made of pure unadulterated nonsense. No cut-price, corner-cutting nonsense here, thank you very much. It was then sold for a fortune. And people flocked to buy it.

The manufacture of mithridatium, and its variants, went on from the second century BC to the end of the eighteenth century. Or, to frame this another way. The idea of creating a substance that contained small portions of various poisons, in order to allow the body to build up immunity, and fight off all illnesses and infections, has an extremely long history.

All doctors in the mid to late eighteenth century would have been acutely aware of mithridatium, and its variants, and the thinking behind it.

William Heberden, a famous UK physician, is the man we can most credit with attacking the idea of ‘Mithridatium and Theriaca’. His pamphlet on the matter was written in 1745. He argued that it was all complete, unscientific, twaddle. Following this, and other attacks, the sales of Theriac mithridatium suffered a rapid decline.

By the end of the eighteenth century Mithridatium had pretty much disappeared from the world. To the point whereby nowadays ninety-nine per cent of people – or more – have no idea that such a substance ever existed. Or how hugely significant it was.

Let us move on a few years to 1796. A moment in time when an eight-year-old boy, James Phipps, was inoculated with ‘matter’ from Sarah Nelms, a dairy-maid, who had cowpox. Three months later, the same boy was ‘inoculated’ with fresh ‘matter’ from a smallpox lesion – and no disease developed. Lucky boy. Not sure you would get that past the ethics committee today. ‘I am fairly confident that he will not die of smallpox ... probably.’

Yes, as mithridatism departed from this world, vaccination moved in to take up the available space – a different substance to protect against future illness. In truth, the idea of inoculating people with small amounts of smallpox ‘matter’ to help the body fight off a more serious infection had been around for some time before this.

It was carried out in China, Africa, and the Ottoman empire perhaps for, hundreds of years. Although the idea that it is possible to have a ‘small’ inoculation with a deadly virus is interesting …. Do not try this at home.

To me, the important point I am trying to make here, is that the underlying idea behind vaccination had been around for millennia. Vaccination was, in effect, a variation on the theme of mithridatism.

However, the idea that a cowpox infection could protect against future smallpox was new, and it was Jenner’s idea. At least he made the most noise about it. Others claim it was Benjamin Jesty. Who knows? Success has a thousand authors, failure but one.

I think I shall credit the milk maids instead. They had known for many years that if you got infected with cowpox, you were protected against smallpox. An observation that Jenner picked up on, then ran with. Good for him …

‘… The record shows that it was there that Jenner heard a dairymaid say, “I shall never have smallpox for I have had cowpox. I shall never have an ugly pockmarked face.” In fact, it was a common belief that dairymaids were in some way protected from smallpox.’ 2

But, of course, at the time all this this was complete speculation and guesswork. When vaccination began no-one knew that there such things as bacteria, or viruses. No-one knew there was an immune system. No-one had the faintest idea about T-cells and B-cells and suchlike. Which leads to the question. What did Jenner actually think he was doing? How did he believe vaccination could possibly work?

After all, he was experimenting with vaccination decades before germ theory had emerged. This happened in the late(r) nineteenth century. A time when Pasteur, John Snow and the like, finally managed to convince the medical profession that infectious diseases were not spread by Miasma – essentially nasty smelly stuff that floated about in the atmosphere. Instead, disease was spread by very small ‘germs.’

If Jenner did not know that germs existed, what did he think was causing smallpox? If it was via miasma, how would vaccination work? A part of me thinks that he must have believed that a physical agent, or some sort, was causing ‘pox’. Otherwise, why would he scrape away at cowpox blisters to get ‘stuff’ off. He couldn’t have believed he was transferring miasma from one person to another.

Maybe he thought the miasma theory was complete nonsense but didn’t dare point this out. Semmelweis certainly found out, to his cost, that trying to suggest infection could be passed on by physical contact was not well received.

A Hungarian physician, he did some thinking, and research, on how infections were passed on. He recommended that it might be a good idea if doctors might just, possibly might, consider washing their hands after doing a post-mortem … then helping women to deliver their babies.

For which heresy, he ended up being flung into a lunatic asylum. He was later beaten to death by a warden. This was some forty years after Jenner began his experiments on vaccination. Yes, Semmelweis is now a very famous figure in the history of medicine, the ‘saviour of mothers’ but it didn’t do him much good at the time.

As you can probably tell, I find the development of medical thinking – indeed all scientific thinking – to be fascinating. Where do the ideas come from? At times I believe it is all complete luck. Good ideas, bonkers ideas, they all appear to be taken up with equal enthusiasm. All you need is a good tale and a charismatic promoter, then off you go.

‘It was not noisy prejudice that caused the work of Mendel to lie dead for thirty years, but the sheer inability of contemporary opinion to distinguish between a new idea and nonsense.’ Wilfred Trotter

With vaccination though, there was no major new idea. There were two thousand years of Mithridatism to build on. Namely, use a small amount of a substance to create future immunity. A general concept that was, and remains, highly seductive to the human mind. With vaccination it just happened to be right.  

However, it could just as easily have been wrong. For example, the thinking behind mithridatism also underpins homeopathy. A concept that first came to Samuel Hahnemann. A doctor who obtained his medical degree in 1779. Yes, he was kicking around at very much the same time as Jenner.

‘Hahnemann believed that if a patient had an illness, it could be cured by giving a medicine which, if given to a healthy person, would produce similar symptoms of that same illness but to a slighter degree. Thus, if a patient was suffering from severe nausea, he was given a medicine which in a healthy person would provoke mild nausea. By a process he called ‘proving’, Hahnemann claimed to be able to compile a selection of appropriate remedies. This led to his famous aphorism, ‘like cures like’, which is often called the ‘principle of similars’; and he cited Jenner’s use of cowpox vaccination to prevent smallpox as an example.’ 3

It is said that the idea of homeopathy first popped into Hahnemann’s head because he noted that quinine, in small doses, created similarly symptoms to malaria, although in a much milder form. So, he tried to use quinine to protect against malaria. Then he expanded the concept, to infinity and beyond.

Mind you, the use of quinine to protect against malaria led to the creation of tonic water, to protect the British in India. This, in turn, led to the creation of gin and tonic. So, Hahnemann must be celebrated for this wonderous legacy, at least. Yes, for this, I can forgive him just about everything.

And, of course, quinine does protect against malaria. If not that well. Oh, the delicious irony.

Mithridatism:           Ingestion of small doses of poisons to create immunity

Homeopathy:          Use of very small doses of a substance to create immunity/cure

Vaccination:            Deliberate infection, using small doses of an agent, to create immunity

  • Mithridatism is gone
  • Homeopathy is mocked
  • Vaccination is venerated

Imagine if, on the other hand, Jenner had decided to keep on using smallpox scrapings to try and prevent a later, more deadly smallpox infection. Maybe vaccination would never have happened, at all.

Just to give one example of the problems with smallpox inoculation. In 1783, Prince Octavius, the youngest son of King George II was inoculated with the smallpox virus. He died soon after – of smallpox. Had King George then taken violently against ‘vaccination’ at this point, the entire idea may have died right then and there. At least in the UK.

Instead, with Jenner came the crossroads. The point where mithridatism, homeopathy, and vaccination parted company. One works, the other two don’t.

This is because there is no such thing as a vanishingly small dose of an infection. You get infected, or you do not. The dose is pretty much irrelevant. Of course, what happens after infection can vary enormously. Some people get no symptoms, at all, others may die.

The key point of difference with vaccination is that you are notgiving a small dose of the infective agent – however vanishingly small. The point, the critical difference, is that you have to give ‘something else’ instead. Something other than the actual infective agent. This stimulates the immune system and leads to the creation of memory cells that will recognise a ‘similar’ agent in the future, and then kill it off. Hopefully.

However, there is no way on earth that Jenner, or anyone else at the time, would have had the slightest idea why this would be the case. They thought it might work. So, they did it, and it worked. And lo, vaccination was born.

It amuses to me look at articles describing the history of vaccination, and Edward Jenner, and compare them with – for example – articles on Hahnemann:

‘While it can scarcely compare in antiquity with Chinese or Indian medicine, homeopathy is the longest established CAM (complementary medicine) to have arisen in Europe. It was founded by Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), who grew up in Meissen in Germany, received his medical degree in Erlangen in 1779, and died a millionaire in Paris in 1843. During his first fifteen years as a physician Hahnemann struggled desperately to make a living.’ 4

If we turn to Jenner …

In addition to his training and experience in biology, Jenner made great progress in clinical surgery while studying with John Hunter in London … In 1773, at the end of two years with John Hunter, Jenner returned to Berkeley to practice medicine. There he enjoyed substantial success, for he was capable, skillful, and popular. In addition to the practice of medicine, he joined two local medical groups for the promotion of medical knowledge and continued to write occasional medical papers. He also played the violin in a musical club and wrote light verse and poetry. As a natural scientist, he continued to make many observations on birds and the hibernation of hedgehogs and collected many specimens for John Hunter in London.

So, it seems that, on one hand, Hahnemann was both a scoundrel, and a failure as a doctor. Only when he turned to the dark side, did he become that worst of all things. A greedy millionaire, selling snake oil.

On the other hand, Jenner was virtually a saint. A man both skilful and popular, and successful. He even wrote poetry (unlikely to be a good thing in my opinion) and he played the violin (almost certainly not a good thing). My goodness, this is a man you would want your daughter to marry. An intelligent man, a man of the most delicate and thoughtful sensibilities, was he not …

‘Although he received worldwide recognition and many honors, Jenner made no attempt to enrich himself through his discovery. He actually devoted so much time to the cause of vaccination that his private practice and his personal affairs suffered severely.’

Maybe this wasn’t a man you would want your daughter to marry … after all, ‘It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of good fortune, must be in want of a wife.’ So, Hahnemann, in possession of a good fortune as he was, might have been a better choice.

Despite his lack of money, indeed because of it – Jenner has become a historical national treasure. A selfless searcher for the truth. A delicate man, a popular man, a sensitive man. A man with a soul above such grubby things as making money… and suchlike. One is reminded of the propaganda surrounding Kim Jong-Il. The first time he played golf, he had eleven holes in one …

‘That time Kim Jong-Il tried golf for the first time and finished with 11 holes-in-one to achieve a 38-under-par game on a championship 18-hole golf course.’5

I imagine Jenner would have had twelve holes in one. Playing blindfolded, whilst entertaining an enraptured crowd with an impromptu violin and poetry recital. All for free, of course.

Yes, Jenner is a now national treasure; vaccination has also become a national treasure. Both exist in a realm above all criticism. This is never a good thing. Particularly not in the world of science. But it has happened. Dare to critically examine either, at your great peril. Try suggesting that the whole concept of vaccination was pure luck, primarily based on a two-thousand-year-old idea, and you will be attacked. This, I guarantee.






144 thoughts on “Vaccines – how did they come about?

  1. Jolanta Senele

    What a brilliant article! I enjoyed it a lot. Especially in these days when it feels like we rea doomed completely and then you see this light at the end of tunnel in a form of good old common sense.

  2. Mr Chris

    The fact that you wrote this article seems to me to indicate and improvement in your health. I feel certain that this blog will provoke many and varied comments

  3. lorrainecleaver7

    ” Mithridatism is gone
    Homeopathy is mocked
    Vaccination is venerated ”

    Nothing new under the sun Malcolm. On the subject of quinine, my grandmother is 100 (and a half, that half strangely important to her), not vaccinated for covid (is anyone?) and hale and hearty, other than registered blind. The only medication she is on is quinine, been taking it for leg cramps for a decade. Takes two buses and two trains to her holiday home, alone. Likes a beer and a cigarette of an evening. I took her to minor injuries last week for what looked like an infected leg wound from a fall. Doctor asked if she’d had her booster. She said “I’ve never had a vaccine in my life and I’ve never been inside a hospital either, my grand-daughter dragged me here on the promise of a trip to M&S afterwards. He high fived her and took a selfie.

    1. lorrainecleaver7

      She was actually once in a hospital almost eighty years ago to steal back her baby, taken in with meningitis. The hospital sent a policeman to tell her the child was dying and so she went in, baby was laid out in a cold, bare room alone, no blankets in the crib, just left there to die. She lifted him out, put him under her fur coat and walked out the hospital. He revived once home and yet two days later the police came and arrested my grandmother, placing her in a cell on a Friday evening in the Gallowgate of Glasgow with prostitutes. Forgive me if I don’t bow at the alter of medicine. Oh and that baby is my uncle and he is 76 now.

      1. An Italian Australian at the Tropics

        Fascinating story. Hopefully, you have some of the great genes of your grandmother, both for health and character.

    2. Andy Mobbs

      How do vaccines work? By inflammation. You can’t get the disease from the vaccine, because it’s not actually dangerous itself (or at least you shouldn’t, the first polio Salk vaccines killed a bunch through not properly inactivating the virus). Therefore if we just gave people the inactivated or attenuated antigen the immune system wouldn’t do much.

      The solution to this is that they add adjuvants to the vaccines, i.e toxic substances designed to assault the immune system and create a strong immune response. The harmless antigen is therefore considered guilty by association and the body makes normally quite weak antibodies against it, that hopefully will act against a similar ‘live’ disease if the body ever encounters it.

      I say hopefully because in the whole history of vaccination the only RCT’s ever done on vaccines were the ones done on COVID, which were basically complete nonsense anyway (one of the disadvantages of letting the drug companies who develop the drugs also run the tests to see whether they work and are safe, then having those same drug companies decide what information from those tests they share with the government regulatory bodies that license new drugs, i.e the FDA in the US or the MHRA in the UK. Both these bodies incidentally are funded by fees from the drug companies).

      So we inject toxic substances like Aluminium, Squalene or Formaldyhyde into people, many of which are already struggling with their health, for example, babies born to unhealthy parents that are born with insulin insensitivity, and a damaged microbiome, and their livers’ are not detoxifying properly and they have glutathione deficiencies, but within 12 hours we are shooting them up with aluminum and the rest, for their first hep B shot (a sexually transmitted disease which babies are obviously at significant risk of cathcing), and we really wonder where autism comes from, genius…

      1. zdralezdravko

        Well, if I would be getting any money from the pharmaceutical company I would find this arrangement ideal. I mean look : if regulators do not approve, next time they get no money. Pharma lobby assist health regulators and law makers for free. Great arrangement.

  4. RachelH

    I recall the once sainted, but now berated Prof. Mike Yeadon (Wikipedia just loves him….) saying that you need three things to make a successful vaccine. 1) The antigen must be harmless ( e.g safe similar, killed or attenuated virus) 2) It must be stable ( not prone to mutating) and 3) different from “self” ( to avoid confusing the immune system and attacking “itself” ( auto-immune reaction). Along comes the Covid 19 “vaccine” gravy train and we get 1) The spike protein as the antigen ( most dangerous part), 2) very unstable, constantly mutating, 3) The mRNA is genetically synthesised to be “more human”, thus causing auto-immune problems. As our U.S. cousins say-“go, figure”.

      1. michaelistrulymyname

        He is knowledgeable about vaccines but from personal experience he became very distrustful of the pharmaceutical industry and its supposed regulators, and, most importantly, he had sufficient courage to speak truth to power. An extraordinary man. Yes, Saintly.

  5. vermontresident

    With all things “science” I wonder what we are totally wrong about today, that will seem laughably ignorant and stupid in the future? Especially in medicine. What is the historical average percentage of “wrongness” in medicine? And how long does it take to manifest itself, for completely new ideas to take over and through the old ideas to the dung heap? With psychiatry it seems to cycle pretty fast, 30-40 years? Out with Freud and in with SSRIs? With medicine, ideas get replaced much more slowly: We’re on the “germ/vaccine” and “genetic testing” trains now. And what are drugs but small amounts of substances that kill/cure?

    1. Lingulella

      Robert Sapolsky and Peter Goetsche would probably take issue with the idea that ‘correcting’ alleged imbalances of neurotransmitters has been anything other than a tinkering with things they don’t properly understand by money driven Pharma.

  6. Marjorie Daw

    This is an entertaining article but for anyone interested in the history if vaccines “Dissolving Illusions” by Suzanne Humphreys is a must read, k=book+dissolving+illusions&gclid=EAIaIQobChMIpIvkkKiy-QIV1vbICh1-NAdHEAAYASAAEgKZOvD_BwE&hvadid=580765500890&hvdev=c&hvlocphy=9001732&hvnetw=g&hvqmt=b&hvrand=9055544486854250043&hvtargid=kwd-661751431355&hydadcr=20808_13322540&tag=googhydr-20&ref=pd_sl_5u7qwz73ts_b

  7. cheezilla

    I find you article disappointingly disengenuous.
    Homoeopathy is not about miniscule doses. It’s about energy and uses a specific process to create the remedies. It’s nothing like the allopathic approach.
    I’m not a homoeopath but I do have several remedies in my first aid kit. Anyone who suffers badly from midge and mozzie bites should try Ledum.
    I took Arnica before and after a big operation on my jaw. The bruising was minimal. I hadn’t taken Arnica before the much less invasive biopsy and my face was swollen and black&blue for several days. I took Symphytum to help the bone to heal and the consultant has declared three times, that the bone regrowth is absolutely remarkable. Yet, if the remedies had been analysed, there would be no trace of the original substance. As I said, it’s about energy.
    I’ve been a fan of yours for several years but please don’t ridicule what you know little about.

    1. Ian Roselman

      “Don’t criticise what you can’t understand” – Bob Dylan, “The times, they are a-changin”

    2. robertL

      I assume you mean disingenuous not as you wrote disengenuous?
      A question (as I do not know the answer): Does homoeopathy have supporting data from Randomised Controlled Trials?

      1. cheezilla

        Oh dear, did I upset the typo police? RCTs are the invention of Big Pharma – and look where that has led to – see Dr Kendrick’s books. I prefer actual results myself.

        1. lorrainecleaver7

          When all they have is typos, it’s a sad day cheezilla. I am so over hearing about Gold Standard RCTs and EBM when wee all know its consensus medicine and reinforcing the status quo. And regards homeopathy, when allopathic medicine removed my thyroid and accidentally, my parathyroids, the only relief I found was in homeopathy to control my calcium. Don’t knock it until you have needed it I say!

          1. anglosvizzera

            Your experience is the usual way that people “discover” the wonders of homeopathy. We’re told that it’s all “placebo effect” or psychological but if that were the case, people would surely be “cured” by the other orthodox methods they have tried. Many turn to complementary therapies such as homeopathy as a last resort – and then are converts (often doctors fall into this category!) One such doctor, Dr Brian Kaplan, who went on to train as a homeopath, tested out the placebo theory on some of his patients by giving them daily remedies in individual packets but put just a “sugar pill” in some of them to be taken in between. The patient had no idea this was the case but was asked to keep notes of how they were being affected each day…sure enough, on the days that they took the placebo their healing stalled. Interesting…

      2. Eggs ‘n beer

        No, it doesn’t. For a very simple reason, it’s not possible.

        The theory of homeopathy is that whatever can cause a set of symptoms in a healthy person will cure the same set of symptoms in a sick person.

        So before a remedy can be used upon people, it has to be tested upon healthy people first. This means that very dilute doses of the substances are given to a dozen or so healthy people and their reactions to it noted down by them. All the symptoms from the individuals are gathered together and grouped into categories, mind, sleep, legs, urination, heart etc. The process is called a proving, and the list of symptoms a schema. Hahnemann’s original proving of arnica, for example, lists 638 symptoms from eleven provers and ledum 338 from seven. Assembling a multitude of schemas gives you a material medica. Hahnemann’s first MM comprised 67 remedies.

        To work out a remedy for a sick person, the homeopath needs their symptoms. Either from themselves, their friends and relatives, by observation or a combination. Their symptoms are compared to the MM and the nearest match is given in the form of a pilule smaller than a peppercorn containing an infinitesimal dose of the original substance.

        So to perform an RCT you would need to obtain a number of people with exactly the same symptoms which, as any homeopath will tell you, is impossible. Diabetes, for example, is in the schemas of around 120 remedies.

        However, epidemics do provide a lot of data as to the effectiveness of homeopathy. Where the remedy becomes a specific for the symptoms. Such as belladonna for measles, copper for cholera and gelsemium for Spanish ‘flu. In the latter case, the IFR was 20% – 30% in the general population, but less than 1% for those treated homeopathically. Or 0% where a homeopathic physician was in constant attendance such as on troop ships returning soldiers home from the war.

        1. anglosvizzera

          Thanks for your comment explaining the problem with creating RCTs for homeopathy. Most people aren’t aware of the procedure for choosing homeopathic remedies and how important seemingly unrelated symptoms of their problem might be, as well as their dietary cravings, sleep position, phase of the moon and a whole host of other things that people wouldn’t even disclose to a doctor as they wouldn’t appear relevant. But to a homeopath, precisely due to the provings of the remedies, these gems are like gold dust when differentiating between possible remedies. Over time, more symptoms are added to these remedy pictures when a patient notices something else that improved following a prescription and, if enough people notice this too, it is added to the materia medica.

          It’s all to do with how an individual expresses “dis-ease”, not just physically, but mentally and emotionally as well, which often leads to a “constitutional” remedy for that person. The beauty of homeopathy is that it is truly individualised prescribing, something that we all know doesn’t happen with allopathic prescribing! For example, my late mother-in-law was on statins and ended up on the highest possible dose for an adult – something that would be also given to a big man – but she was a slight woman of low weight. She ended up with severe dementia – there were other possible reasons for this but one, I’m sure, was due to this prescription.

    3. Frederica Huxley

      I also concur – Arnica, Ledum,Calendula and a few others have somehow healed me where allopathic medicines have failed. I have also had homeopathic remedies, with the guidance of my vet, help my dogs to heal.
      It doesn’t make sense as to how they function; I just know it has worked.

      1. Lingulella

        Read ‘The Fourth Phase of Water’ by Gerald Pollack. Water, especially as it occurs in our bodies, is not understood as the liquid phase of the archaic three phase system.

        1. thecovidpilot

          There was a guy named “Zhu” who did research on the composition of ice, where he found that there was an exceedingly thin layer of water on the surface of ice and that skates slid on water.

        2. End Rockefeller Medicine

          JD Rockefeller’s hijacking of the medical industry a century ago has entrenched healthcare with a myriad of treatments that never actually cure anything, just suppress symptoms.

          “At the root of all conditions are toxicity, our inherited weak organs and glands, the body’s imbalance and a very acidic environment (a stagnant, backed-up Lymphatic system), non-filtering kidneys and clogged bowels.

          Symptoms exist. Diseases do not.

          “Diseases” are labels assigned by the current medical modality to a set of symptoms to legally treat with chemicals and other (often harmful) treatments. People who are obsessed with eating healthy have one they have christened, “Orthorexia.” It’s designed get you to stop focusing on healthy eating because when you do (except for the ER or occasional necessary surgeries) you won’t need them anymore.

          All “disease” is SYSTEMIC. How do we know this? Because of detoxification. When you clean out your body’s gigantic sewer system, your Lymphatic system, your diseases and conditions cease to exist.

          It’s hard to imagine in this day and age, but very little is actually known or understood about the body’s Lymphatic system. The Lymphatic system is almost three times larger than the blood. It is the system where 99% of all pain, inflammation, diseases and conditions originate. It is your body’s gigantic sewer system / immune system / lipid carrier system / lubricating system.

          Lymphatic fluid carries a host of substances that need to be removed from cells, as well as substances that are used to protect the cell. They include (but are not limited to) parasites, yeasts, fungi, warts, viruses, bacteria overloads, worms of all types, flukes, molds, metals, sulfur accumulation, spirochetes, damaged cells, gases and toxic metabolic wastes, ureas, salts and ions, fats, glucose, excessive unused proteins, hormones, steroids, enzymes, chemical toxins, chemical medications, dying body cells, unused nutrients …esp. artificial vitamins, etc.

          It’s not about the bacteria, the parasites, the virus, or the spirochetes. It never was! Like mosquitoes to a swamp, it’s about what they are attracted to …a backed-up, stagnant, sewer system. It’s about the condition of your own body’s inner terrain.

          Clean the terrain and heal thyself!

          Pasteur admitted, at the end of his life, that he was wrong about germ theory and that what truly matters when it comes to infection and disease is the TERRAIN.

          And yet, western medicine bases everything on the germ theory. Think about it. There is far more profit in society being sick and dependent on drugs & vaccines to create a false sense of health. There is no profit in prevention – creating a healthy terrain (immune system).

          A healthy (awake) population is bad for business in the mainstream medical system.”
          ~ Leonie Wynne

        1. Frederica Huxley

          Although this is always a possibility – a placebo response in an adult – in a small child or an animal, that is not the case. There are numerous examples of people who are utterly convinced that a homeopathic remedy cannot affect them, only to find it works.

        2. anglosvizzera

          Is it perhaps a case of mind over matter – you expected to be cured; you are cured???”

          If that were the case, people would be “cured” by the medicines/interventions that their normal doctors prescribe – yet many people end up trying homeopathy and getting “cured”, despite their reservations and lack of expectation. I’ve seen it time and time again!

    4. Renee

      I took Arnica after a 3 hour procedure to put in a temporary crown. The pain dropped off in seconds after putting it under my tongue.

  8. Paul Chandler

    very good and thought provoking article, as usual Dr H. I wonder though, why since dominance of germ theory have so many (rising exponentially?) of the ‘viruses’ we have evolved with for millions of years suddenly become threats? Or is ‘virus’ hunting, enabling vax selling, just a lucrative scam?

    1. lingulella

      Didn’t the first proponent of the ‘germ theory’ of disease recant on his death-bed and agree that “terrain was everything”?
      To get disease you need an interaction between the ‘germ’ and the ‘terrain’ – which, incidentally, is why medicines (including vaccines) don’t ‘work’ in every patient.

      1. paule6833014c97

        Yes indeed. And his contemporary, Robert Koch marshalled trhe commercial power of his backers to persuade the state to create the eponymous Institute to give his similar (one pathogen -> one disease -> one drug) ideas more credibility.
        Germ theory vs terrain theory arguments exemplify the impossibility of having a sensible discussion on so many matters (eg see Malcolm’s excellent book, The Cholesterol Con) which are said to be ‘settled’. Speak up those of us who think that germ and terrain theories are not mutually exclusive, and that we must look for mechanisms involving both.

        1. anglosvizzera

          I’m with you. Having had discussions with people about “terrain theory” who are adamantly against “germ theory” my own views, partly based on my own experiences, are that the truth lies somewhere in the middle. Things are never black and white, especially when it comes to science, and further discoveries may well show this in regard to what causes infectious disease.

          1. AhNotepad

            You may be correct, but what if the truth lies nowhere with either germ or terrain theories, but they are just constructions making it simple enough for most people to grasp? Could the truth be so complex we have yet to find out what it is, and how to understand it?

          2. anglosvizzera

            “Could the truth be so complex we have yet to find out what it is, and how to understand it?”

            Yes, that’s entirely possible too!

      2. jeresavo1

        We know now of the relevance of “terrain theory”
        ie clean the fish bowl rather than giving meds to a fish sick from dirty water

    1. Tim Fallon

      Dr Humphries is a treasure and her work should be mandatory study for every Doctor.
      Her work is censored for very good reason, the implications for pharma are devastating.

        1. Teresa L

          Several times. One I recall that she mentioned was when “someone” had tampered with her car, several years ago, and shortly after the film, “Vaxxed” came out, and she and Polley Tommey & friends were interviewing families with seriously vax-injured members as they travelled across the country in their “Vaxxed” Bus.

    2. Marjorie Daw

      They are currently trotting out millions of doses of smallpox vaccine for monkeypox. If you watched Dr. Humphrey’s presentation on the smallpox vaccine, you would not go near that jab with a ten foot pole. The fact that youtube won’t let you see it speaks volumes.

      1. AhNotepad

        Suzanne Humphries ‘ videos are mostly, if not all, available on one or more of the alternative platforms. Bitchute, Rumble etc.

  9. Susan

    Thank you for this read on the history of vaccination. I enjoy your post very much, and look forward to all your post. I am long, long time follower from Spokane, Washington. I pray that your health is improving quickly. We need you around for a long time to come.

  10. Graham Wheatley

    Excellent piece Sir. I always find your postings both informative, amusing and thought-provoking.

    I would like to think (forlornly perhaps) that the architects of the mess to which we have all been exposed for the last 2 years or so, would also have that same opinion.

  11. zrpradyer

    I hope this essay is of interest (there is even an honourable mention of monkeypox). It is one of the politer critiques of Dr Jenner and his work.
    I might add, vaccination has certainly been a financial success, particularly with the no-liability clauses for producers.
    “Jenner and the Speckled Monster: The True History of Smallpox.” [I’ve no idea if it is “the true history….” But is perhaps stimulating enough to be worth investigating further].

  12. gypsyrozbud

    Good morning Brenda! Some interesting ‘tongue in cheek’ from Malcolm😂!

    We’re off to Lund to work on the boat this week…she’s out of the water. Then a short sailing trip before we come home to harvesting blueberries and beans!

    Hugs🥰😉 Rosemary🌹


  13. Black Joam

    Thank you. See Dorothy L Sayers’ “Strong Poison” for the use of Mithridatism to perpetrate a crime.
    I have found homoeopathy effective — dramatically so despite not expecting any result at all.

  14. Dr. Hankenstein

    Is medicine a scientific discipline, or an art? 2000 odd years ago, the Greek theory of humours at least encouraged `physicians’ to pay close attention to the various excrescences their patients emitted. (Close attention is good.) 200 years ago, if you were run over by a cart, they’d like as not saw your leg off with a bottle of rum for anaesthesia. Meanwhile, the progress of physics, chemistry, cosmology and whatnot seems by comparison spectacular.

    I’ve tried to minimise contact with the medical profession as far as possible. (On the advice of a few I know as friends). Inevitably, not entirely. A few of them have shown common sense, knowledge of what they don’t know, humour, humanity, sympathy, and qualities I’d put under `art’ than science. The rest seemed more in thrall to technology.

  15. thecovidpilot

    “A time when Pasteur, John Snow and the like, finally managed to convince the medical profession that infectious diseases were not spread by Miasma – essentially nasty smelly stuff that floated about in the atmosphere.”

    Miasma is now “toxins,” isn’t it? I find some people pushing this alternative to Germ Theory. At least Germ Theory has consilient lines of evidence. Toxin Theory has consilient lines of Black Swans.

    “For which heresy, he ended up being flung into a lunatic asylum.”

    So the Cult of Toxins may fling us Germ Theorists into lunatic asylums? Didn’t some Vaccine Cultists try to do this to Dr. Meryl Nass? So it’s not just the Tox Poxers we have to worry about–it’s the vax cultists with MD after their names.

    “Where do the ideas come from? At times I believe it is all complete luck.” Like the folk medicine doctors discovering that elderberry concentrate helps with flu and colds? I suspect that elderberry wine helps, too, and elderberry wine was commonly used, and folk medicine doctors discovered that there is benefit from elderberry wine for flu, so they tried the concentrate and found anecdotal benefit. We now have RCTs showing benefit, of course. We get the concentrate at my house, but now I think we’ll get some wine, too, next time. Purely for medicinal purposes.

    Luck played a role in several discoveries in physics. (NB: Engineers have made several important discoveries in physics including an engineer who is a national treasure of Scotland, Jamie “I said” Watt.)

    Student: What is amps times volts?

    Professor: Watt

    Student (louder): What is amps times volts?

    1. Eggs ‘n beer

      You’ve got the joke wrong. It’s:

      Teacher – “What is amps time volts?”

      Student – “Yes sir.”

  16. VeryVer

    Malcolm, have you every thought about simultaneously publishing to SUBSTACK? It’s a much more flexible platform, especially regarding the comments section — much easier to have a real chat in the comments! PLUS, we could PAY you via subscriptions — and I would like to support you and your work, as you are irreplaceable. I’m paying $5 a month to a few people already. I wish Zoe Harcombe and a few other people would also switch to Substack, or at least cross-post.

    Since you are already writing, and you have a tremendous “back catalog” of posts, you could get up and running immediately — it’s super easy. Check out Bari Weiss or Alex Berenson’s substack s– I believe they have both become millionaires through subscriptions. And no, I don’t work for Substack…

  17. Tim Fallon

    I am a vaccine hereti.

    The available evidence shows very clearly that Jenner’s vaccines did not work, indeed there is strong evidence to show that Jenner’s vaccines killed large numbers of people and saw many more people become ill with smallpox.
    But vaccination was very lucrative for Docotors so they supportd it wholeheartedly – there is nothing new under the sun.
    The book Dissolving Illusions by Dr Humphreys is a truly epic work lookng at the historical data relating to disease and she shows conclusively that the mass killers of the 18th and 19th centuries had been brought under control by improvements in sanitation and social conditions long before vaccines came on the scene.

    Another excellent book ‘Virus Mania’ by investigative journalist Torsten Engelbrecht, Dr. Claus Khönlein, MD, Dr. Samantha Bailey, MD, and Dr. Stefano Scoglio, BSc PhD, show that virus fearmongering is unfounded and that virus mayhem ignores basic scientific facts: The existence, the pathogenicity and the deadly effects of these agents have never been proven. The book “Virus Mania” will also outline how modern medicine uses indirect lab tools such as antibody tests and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) that are in fact worthless to detect viruses. The alleged viruses may be, in fact, also be seen as particles produced by the cells themselves as a consequence of certain stress factors such as drugs.

      1. Tim Fallon

        If you took the time to read the book you would understand that you have been fooled by ‘The Science’ and pharma yet again.

        1. thecovidpilot

          I have looked at the Viroliegy and it looks comical.

          Requiring that human testing of pathogenicity be done is unethical. Appropriate animal models must be used to test pathogenicity, like the study of SARS-COV-2 pathogenicity using mouse models where ACE2 had been incorporated into their tissues.

  18. Ian Partington

    Thanks Doc! Insightful as ever. Personally I find Sir David A to be a right pain in the a***! Mithridatism and Climate emergencyism seem to be peas in the same f*cked up pod!

  19. John

    Ah, Mithridatism not to be confused with Mithraism – religion is a wonderful and frightening thing, whether it is “the science” or a bull-loving sun god. My dad rests in the local temple of Mithras, but he also had his vaccinations.

  20. Onnie

    Great post from Dr. Kendrick, as usual. It brought to mind something the late, great Richard Feynman said to his class at Cornell many years ago:

    In general, we look for a new law by the following process: First we guess it. Then we – now don’t laugh, that’s really true. Then we compute the consequences of the guess to see what, if this is right, if this law that we guessed is right, to see what it would imply. And then we compare the computation results to nature, or we say compare to experiment or experience, compare it directly with observations to see if it works. If it disagrees with experiment, it’s wrong. In that simple statement is the key to science. It doesn’t make any difference how beautiful your guess is, it doesn’t make any difference how smart you are, who made the guess, or what his name is. If it disagrees with experiment, it’s wrong. That’s all there is to it.


    1. Andrew H

      Which Prof Brian Cox made reference to…then promptly threw that principle out of the window with the Covid vaxxes.

  21. anglosvizzera

    Oh dear. As others have pointed out, homeopathy can be amazingly successful and really is only ridiculed by those who try and analyse it using “material science”. Dr Hahnemann stopped practising “medicine”, not because he was a useless doctor but because he was so appalled at the crudity of the methods being used which often led to worse disease or death; it made him ashamed to be part of that system.

    However, his alternative career path of translating medical text books and materia medicas led him to develop a far safer form of “medicine” that became very popular over the years, something that would be unlikely to survive if it was merely “snake oil”.

    In the early years of the United States of America, medical schools taught homeopathy as well as “orthodox medicine” and soldiers in the 1st World War had homeopathic remedies in their first aid kits (I have seen these in museums here in the UK). However, once it was realised that pharmaceutical drugs could bring in so much profit, homeopathic education at medical schools was pretty much wiped out in the US – but not so in Europe where, in many countries, one has to be medically qualified to practise homeopathy. With the big profits that Big Pharma makes, you can see how something like homeopathy, where the remedies are so dilute that they are extraordinarily cheap by comparison, would not be something they would like to compete with!

    I have had enough experience of its remarkable healing abilities, both for myself and others (including babies and animals) that I no longer take any notice of people who mock it. More fool them – they are missing out! As others have said, I have lost count of the number of people who have been told by surgeons and other medical professionals how quickly things like bones have healed, and wounds – my daughter’s C-section is an example. Her midwife said she’d never seen a wound like that heal so cleanly and quickly! Another friend had a hallux valgus operation and was told she would be off work for several weeks and that it would be painful for quite a while…yet she took one painkiller that night and nothing at all after that. She was back at work in half the expected time through the use of carefully selected homeopathic remedies.

    Then there is the controversial issue of “homeoprophylaxis”, something that most homeopaths will avoid speaking of publicly. But in Cuba they have had major success with it for the annual outbreaks of leptospirosis which came about when they ran out of the usual vaccine several years ago. In fact, those people who had the homeopathic version appeared to be protected the following year as well without any further dose.

    BMJ comment:

    “The homeopathic prophylaxis was then, in the ensuing years, administered to the entire Cuban population (11 million persons), to the effect of near eradication of the disease on the island – a result not achieved with use of the conventional vaccine product.”

    Pubmed abstract:

    “Results: After the homeoprophylactic intervention a significant decrease of the disease incidence was observed in the intervention regions. No such modifications were observed in non-intervention regions. In the intervention region the incidence of Leptospirosis fell below the historic median. This observation was independent of rainfall.

    “Conclusions: The homeoprophylactic approach was associated with a large reduction of disease incidence and control of the epidemic. The results suggest the use of HP as a feasible tool for epidemic control, further research is warranted.”

    Why not mention Wikipedia’s version of Dr Samuel Hahnemann’s life? It seems very fairly written (other than mentioning that homeopathy is considered to be a “pseudoscience”) and with no mention of his being a millionaire. What I particularly like is this quote, which current medical practitioners would do well to consider:

    “My sense of duty would not easily allow me to treat the unknown pathological state of my suffering brethren with these unknown medicines. The thought of becoming in this way a murderer or malefactor towards the life of my fellow human beings was most terrible to me, so terrible and disturbing that I wholly gave up my practice in the first years of my married life and occupied myself solely with chemistry and writing.”

  22. Prudence Kitten

    “All you need is a good tale and a charismatic promoter, then off you go”.

    The Australian journalist Caitlin Johnstone has often made this point. She stresses that the human mind generally operates on narratives (stories), and that most people readily accept narratives and cling to them regardless of (less easily digestible) facts and figures.

    The narrative of vaccines is simple and widely believed; hence most people accept it, and resist energetically any attempts to challenge it.

  23. kristohanon5eb4595aeb

    I was excited to see a new post for two reasons:

    1) Anything written by Dr. Kendrick is sure to be that perfect mix of excellent information with great humor; and, 2) I’m hoping it means he is much better, if not completely well.

    I am continuing to pray for complete healing. We need his voice.

  24. drtombaldwin

    Malcolm,Great article!! Thanks!!When I was a young man (and never been kissed, etc.) I remember the devastation wrought by Polio. Then came the Salk vaccine followed by the Sabin vaccine, and the world was changed. However, it took at times years of experimentation and study to approve substances being injected into human bodies. Much scientific proof was needed to improve and satisfy safety! And most “vaccines” were rejected before even being released on the patient base–the Public.It seems that our “Science” has become the Word (writ large) of the pharmaceutical companies and the Media. We can have “vaccines” which seem to base their “science” (lower case in both intentional) on administration to the public base. This really scares me.Thanks for all you do,Dr. Tom Baldwin22694 Grebe LaneOcean View, DE 19970410-326-6690

  25. Janice Willoughby

    August 6, 2022

    Brilliant ! and I have only just begun to read this new (“6th Aug. 2022”) post. Thanks again, Dr. Kendrick. May you be well.

  26. johnplatinumgoss

    As ever, a very entertaining and instructive post. To my mind though there was a fourth category which started in late 2020. As well as:
    Mithridatism: Ingestion of small doses of poisons to create immunity
    Homeopathy: Use of very small doses of a substance to create immunity/cure
    Vaccination: Deliberate infection, using small doses of an agent, to create immunity
    there should be a further category:
    Gene therapy: Injection with a largely untested mRNA agent to alter a person’s genetic code
    This new category appears to be doing a very good job in reducing population of the planet, something to which I am opposed.

  27. Gary Ogden

    Bravissimo, Dr. Kendrick! I’ve nothing to add, as you’ve said it all. Your best piece of writing yet.

  28. Gwyneth

    Homeopathy doesn’t work? Tell that to the thousands of Indian physicians and their cured patients. Tell that to the Indian Medical Board which recognises homeopathy as an important adjunct to allopathic medicine and which has cured when allopathy failed. Also consider Charles Richet’s Nobel Prize award (1913) for his work on anaphylaxsis. He proved beyond doubt that the fastest way to cause anaphylaxsis was to inject an antigen into the body.

  29. thecovidpilot

    “, something that would be unlikely to survive if it was merely “snake oil”. ”

    You vastly underestimate the power of a system based on faith and an internally-coherent logic.

  30. thecovidpilot

    Sometimes naturopaths and homeopaths come up with something helpful, but I haven’t found them to have a great batting average. Pharmaceutical companies likewise.

  31. Lynn Wright

    Want to know more about Jenner and the beginning of the ritualistic poisoning of mankind known as vaccination? Read from Mike Stone’s blog, “If one reads Jenners writings with an open mind and a critical eye, it is obvious why he was cast aside by many in the medical community. His methods were crude and disgusting and resulted in lifetime scarring and even death. He created a fictional narrative about an invisible pathogen leaping from horse to cow to man. Jenner claimed to be able to provide immunity to a disease process he himself dreamed up using methods he had created. While many believe that Jenner’s work led to the eradication of smallpox (it didn’t), his legacy should rightfully be as the man who unleashed the scourge of vaccination upon us. While vaccination wasn’t Jenner’s original idea, he was the man who ultimately convinced those in power that these methods were successful. In the end, the only thing Edward Jenner was successful with was creating the most deadly vaccine known to man.”

  32. Cookie

    We know so little about why the immune system recognizes one ailment and not another.

    Immunotherapy in cancer is an example of one step forward then two back. Every time researchers believe that they have cracked the code… that practice on real subjects shows otherwise

    Then you have to ask yourself if the immune system has past memory of a pathogen can blood removal also remove that memory which makes blood transfusion dangerous for the donor?

  33. Fast Eddy

    I read this book a few months back

    The Poison King: The Life and Legend of Mithradates, Rome’s Deadliest Enemy

    And it resulted in me re-titling the Compassionate Extinction Theory to the Ultimate Extinction Theory.

    The reason being … is that the King — when faced with certain defeat at the hands of the Romans… decided to poison his family, harem, entourage – and himself.

    He did that because he knew that the Romans would subject them to brutal torture / rape — before murdering all of them.

    Similarly when faced with collapse of civilization in 2019 — the men who run the world pulled the trigger on a plan that has been in the works for decades.

    Why did they do this?

    1. Collapse means the power goes off – permanently. 8B top predators – hungry – angry — and on the streets … would result in a carnal house of murder rape and cannibalism. Best to put them down before the power goes out.

    2. At the same time – they know the mob will be enraged when the supply chains rupture – they will be hungry – and looking to blame someone. Guess who they’ll come after – and the guards will not protect the elites.

    I know someone in Sri Lanka — he’s be considered an elite. Mentioning that an MP was beaten to death and reportedly 200+ wealthy people were targeted and murdered he said – yes the mob is coming into the rich enclaves and pillaging … if they are opposed they kill everyone. His security people have been told not to resist – let the mob in… there is no stopping them anyway.

    BTW – Mithridates failed to poison himself so it seems his tolerance for poison was higher than he expected. He was murdered – although there were rumours that he escaped and lived out his days in anonymity.

    “The global economy was facing the worst collapse since the second world war as coronavirus began to strike in March, well before the height of the crisis, according to the latest Brookings-FT tracking index. “The index comes as the IMF prepares to hold virtual spring meetings this week, when it will release forecasts showing the deepest contraction for the global economy since the 1930s great depression.

    Collapse Imminent:

    The Illusion of Stability, the Inevitability of Collapse

    Fed is sharply increasing the amount of help it is providing to the financial system Banks did not trust each other – similar situation when Lehman collapsed

  34. rinksb22

    The only thing vaccination and homeopathy have in common is that adverse vaccination reactions and homeopathic cures are tied for the leading cause of coincidence in the world.

    1. anglosvizzera

      “The only thing vaccination and homeopathy have in common is that adverse vaccination reactions and homeopathic cures are tied for the leading cause of coincidence in the world.”

      Great observation!

  35. Eggs ‘n beer

    This book was written about Mr Jenner in 1889, so 46 years after his death, and therefore is a relatively contemporary account.

    Click to access b21357067.pdf

    According to this author, not only was he never a doctor, having purchased a medical degree from Edinburgh university for £15 by post (those bloody Scots have a lot to answer for!) but he was only a second or third rate surgeon whose main attribute seems to have been networking. It gives interesting insights into how he became a member of the RS including the faked (at least, never to have been repeated) cuckoo paper. How he used his influence to bully, ridicule and suppress all opposition to his theories, and to extract £20,000 from the government. And so on. In fact, nothing has changed in 200 years. Hancock, Kelly, Fauci, Birx, Gates, Dorsey, Bourla, Zuckerberg, Google, YouTube etc. might have modelled their entire campaign on Jenner’s techniques.

  36. Alison Jackson-Bass

    Fascinating, thanks 😊

    I think I read about mithridatium many, many years ago. It was mentioned in an excellent book called Green Pharmacy by Barbara Griggs. It was all about the history of herbal medicine, and how allopathic medicine largely destroyed it. I remember it being a really good read.

    It was lovely to see you both today, as always.

    See you on the 19th.

    A xxx


  37. dearieme

    I have to tell you, doc, that I have experimented with Homoeopathy. But only to a vanishingly small extent.

  38. John Barr

    Just to square the circle, presumably the aerisolised viral particles which are accepted as the mode of transmission for Covid could be “miasma”. Nasty stuff floating in the air!
    Keep up the good work, Malcolm. You seem to have made a good recovery. More power to your elbow.

    1. anglosvizzera

      I was having a conversation with a “terrain theorist” recently and asked about incidences of where something really did appear to be contagious, some examples in my own life. Because he is adamant that “germ theory” is redundant, he acknowledged that there are examples of “contagion” in his view but that they are due to non-physical things (like energies/energetic disturbances of some kind) rather than things like viruses.

      My thoughts were immediately transported to Hahnemann’s “miasma” and that actually it doesn’t matter whether you can isolate these things or whether they really are non-physical, if the outcome is the same and the “terrain” is what really matters in the end. So we need to focus on what keeps us healthy and not susceptible to whatever is “out there”, physical or non-physical, that might upset our equilibrium and make us sick. Good health doesn’t come from a needle.

  39. Ruth Baills

    Wow. Thank you Dr Malcolm Kendrick for you commentary on the history of medicine and especially vaccinations. Goodness. Bless you.

  40. AhNotepad

    Coincidence strikes again. This is from the Daily Sceptic today (7th August) and mentions the UK National Treasure and forecasts of doom for the Great Barrier Reef, (I think the title needs some punctuation).

    ”Peter Ridd is a physicist and has researched the GBR since 1984. He was the former head of the Marine Geophysical Laboratory at James Cook University in Queensland. In 2018 he was fired for pointing out quality assurance deficiencies in reef-science institutions. In a recent note published by the Global Warming Policy Foundation he charged that over the last few years, AIMS “has effectively hidden the good news on coral cover”. Much of the recent doomsday coral copy from journalists would appear to reflect this agenda.”

  41. Debra

    Another fascinating book about Jenner is the book written by Eleanor McBean in 1957, called “The Poisoned Needle.” Adds nicely to this intriguing saga for those interested in vaccine history. From what I remember of it, Jenner got paid rather a lot and wasn’t especially well liked.

  42. Yoram Oron

    Love your addiction to truth and your self-effacing style. Going back to Jenner and Galen as well-Holy cows remain to be venerated, often as National Treasures. I would donate a small sum for the establishment of Holy Cows Slaughterhouse (even rhymes!). As to Galen, vipers have been curing rat infestation, for thousand of years. But your neighborly live ones, not simmered in a cauldron/

  43. Mark Heneghan

    Pedant alert, aren’t all panaceas universal?
    Good article though.
    Don’t be bullied, get the facts, make up your own mind.

  44. JDPatten

    Permanently change you’re body’s cholesterol regulation with gene editing??

    Seems like a more drastic and dangerous step than anything cascading from Jenner’s work.

    The first human has undergone a CRISPR procedure to do just that.

    It seems to me that this could definitively shine the light of reality on cholesterol Conventional Wisdom and that concerning apolipoprotein b in particular. (And what about apo a?)

  45. Leila

    Very interesting read. I’ve known a bit about the idea of using small quantities of poison to build resistance, actually I read The Count of Monte Christo a few months ago and this was done in that book! Considering we have a number of poisons and chemicals out there in the environment today perhaps we should be taking up this old practice again.
    It is interesting how some ideas such as vaccines end up being like a religion in society and most people refuse to talk about it critically.

  46. Hercule Poirot

    Actually, while I’m a fan of yours, Dr. Kendrick (especially in regard to your stress theory of heart disease, having read several of your books), you are quite wrong about homeopathy being ineffective (although you only implied it was by saying that it was “mocked.”). Historical mithridatism (and vaccination), which you describe throughout your post, is simply a distortion of the “like cures like” principle. So, you have essentially “thrown out the baby with the bathwater.” I used homeopathy for many years to help me overcome an illness that MDs said I would have all my life. And, no, the “placebo effect” argument against homeopathy is bunkum, because homeopathy helps children and pets get over illnesses, and these are not cognizant enough to have a placebo effect. However, before you think I might be saying homeopathy is the best medicine, I must qualify everything by saying that, while it can help quite a bit, it is not the best “like cures like” system out there. For that, you must investigate Bach’s flower remedies. Bach refined homeopathy to only 38 flower remedies. I have no idea how Bach knew what he knew, but I have used his remedies much longer than homeopathics; and there is nothing more effective, IF (caveat emptor), however, you find your Bach “similimum” (i.e., the flower remedy that fits your personality best).

    1. AhNotepad

      I have read through Dr K’s post again, he did say homeopathy is mocked, in my opinion this was not implying it was ineffective. It is your inference that is what was meant.

        1. anglosvizzera

          Dr K may have said homeopathy is mocked, but he also said,

          “Instead, with Jenner came the crossroads. The point where mithridatism, homeopathy, and vaccination parted company. One works, the other two don’t.”

          This is where I disagree as I infer from his comment that he thinks vaccination is the one that works, whereas the other two don’t!

          1. AhNotepad

            You may think that, but I think vaccination has not been proved to work in any case, ever. I await evidence that it has with interest, but as yet none has been provided.

          2. anglosvizzera

            Well, it was my assumption that Dr K meant vaccination was the only one that worked!! Maybe he’ll correct me?!

          3. jeresavo1

            I think we can all read between the lines. That is the prevailing narrative at present. We know its wrong.

  47. Mark Heneghan

    If there were more evidence that homeopathy worked in RCTs, then it wouldn’t matter how it worked, or is supposed to work. To the sceptic it seems to be something that is borderline effective whose mode of action as explained by its supporters seems to be very implausible.

    1. Dr. Malcolm Kendrick Post author

      RCTs have become the holy grail of medical ‘science.’ I think they have their place, but other evidence can be as important, maybe more so in many cases. There was no RCT on penicillin when it first arrived. There was no need. Wounds that had been almost 100% fatal, healed up. I twas like magic. Most other highly effective interventions have also had no need of an RCT. Proving that smoking causes lung cancer did not require an RCT.

      It is when we get to interventions of minor benefit that RCTs are required. A trial on statins needs 10,000 people for five year to achieve statistical significance. If the benefit you are looking for requires that many people, for that long, to prove statisitcial benefit… it probably isn’t worth prescribing anyway.

      As others have opined, RCTs have become the tool of the pharmaceutical industry. They love them because they are, just about, the only organisations who can afford to run an RCT. They can design them in unfathomable ways, proving outcomes of marginal benefit, using statistical methodolgy that no-one can understand. They hire a few Key Opinion Leaders to run the trial, then get it published in the NEJM, or the Lancet and, hey presto, it flys through regulatory approval. To make billions. To fund their next RCT.

      Try running an RCT on vitamin D. Who would fund it. No-one. Who could fund it… almost no-one. If a vitamin producer did so, then every other vitamin company could use their research – for free – cause you cannot patent vitamin D. So, the company sponsoring the research would have spent millions, and gained no commercial advantage.

      Try running an RCT on homeopathy… So many possibly outcomes to look at, you would probably needs about 100,000 in either arm. If you require a well-controlled RCT to prove that homeopathy works, you will wait forever. If you need a well controlled RCT to prove that vaccines work, you will also wait forever – for other reasons.

      There is, currently, a crisis in medical research. It is pretty much a busted flush. RCTs, at least those commerically run, are certainly not the answer. There are answers, but the will to sweep clean the Augean stables of the medical research world is not there – and never will be, it seems.

    2. Eggs ‘n beer

      But the ‘implausible’ mode of action isn’t a problem with pharmaceuticals? From my 1994 “Australian Guide to Prescription Drugs” regarding paracetamol, under “Mode of Action”

      “The exact way in which paracetamol eases is not well known.”

      Which is a fluffy way of saying “we haven’t a clue”.

      The same goes for any AEDs, according to my wife’s neurologist. A refreshingly honest specialist. But doctors are happy to use them and many other drugs for purposes other than that which they were originally designed simply because they have an effect.

      Homeopathy has certain laws that govern prescribing, the main one being “like cures like”, as detailed in a previous post. These laws distinguish it from conventional, or orthodox, medicine which despite those monikers has no conventions, or doxys (rules), regarding how to prescribe a medicine. It’s based almost entirely on anecdotal evidence of what works. Some drugs are designed for certain conditions but need exhaustive testing before being brought to market (unless they’re vaccines) and then other uses are discovered for them by accident. Like Viagra. Conventional medicine only targets a particular issue. It has no concept of what disease is, although its practitioners are only too eager to give names to your condition. And then give you medicines for life which for all their testing give you side effects, often require increasing dosages as the body adapts to them and cost a fortune.

      We don’t understand how gravity works. We have determined certain laws of gravity that enable us to predict the relative movements of massive bodies, and to use it in everyday life. It’s not even remotely logical that masses should be attracted to each other. The Higgs boson, if it exists, is just utterly weird. Homeopathy is the same. We have theories as to how it works, vague, yes, implausible, maybe, and again it’s totally illogical that it should work at all, but we’ve learnt to apply the laws for our benefit, with no side effects, in complete safety and for tuppence a dose. Of which frequently only one is required per month.

      1. anglosvizzera

        Well done for a great comment. Another principle in homeopathy is to use the “minimum dose” that will achieve a cure. Maybe you might need a dose once a month, but often after a few doses you no longer need any more.

        Hay fever is a good example – treatment, based on the particular symptoms, should be both acute and a longer-term prescribing so that the person can have their symptoms eased in their hay fever season but will also receive (probably) a different prescription to help their body learn not to react in the first place. This inevitably takes a few years but each year their acute symptoms will normally be far milder and eventually they no longer have hay fever.

        An old work colleague of mine used to have severe eczema on his hands and was only given steroid medications to deal with it. For work he moved from the UK to The Netherlands and saw a medical doctor who was also a trained homeopath who prescribed a remedy or two for him. He had an initial flare-up (called an “aggravation” in homeopathy, something they try to avoid if possible) but after that his eczema cleared up completely and remained like that for the rest of his life, despite the fact that he only used the remedies for a few weeks. He was converted!

      2. Mark Heneghan

        Not understanding how gravity works is very interesting, but I don’t think that anybody (apart from flat earthers, perhaps) would argue that gravity doesn’t exist. My point about homeopathy was that many people ridicule it because the proposed mechanism seems implausible, but until we can have evidence that it works, I was saying what is the point of arguing how homeopathy works when you don’t believe that it works in the first place? Just as well try to engage someone that doesn’t believe in ghosts full stop in a discussion about how they can walk through walls. I have talked to a lot of patients that believe in homeopathy and use the drugs. I myself have had 3 different conditions over the years (eczema, urticaria, and hay fever) that have waxed and waned over the years. The last 5 years I have hardly suffered at all, and have taken neither conventional medicine nor homeopathy. When you are trying to make claims for the success of homeopathy for conditions like mine, you have to take in to account how they behave in the untreated form.
        If we can’t do RCTs on homeopathy because expense – is that a valid argument? The drugs themselves are very cheap, usually sugar tablets, and the placebo could be exactly the same thing – sugar tablets. Surely somebody working in the homeopathy hospital, perhaps with some funding from Prince Charles could run even a small trial, and test it on one of the conditions they feel confident about? I’m all for having an open mind about things, and I am eternally grateful to Malcolm for changing my mind about statins, but that was largely through him showing that the arguments for statins, and the diet heart hypothesis, just didn’t stack up. I was able to examine the evidence myself (including RCTs by the way) and reach my own conclusions. When arguing with others I can refer to papers and show people the errors of interpretation to back my argument. When it comes to homeopathy I can’t seem to find any evidence. If it’s ok to ask for evidence for statins efficacy in order to refute it, shouldn’t we at least be allowed to do the same thing for homeopathy?

        1. An Italian Australian at the Tropics

          Well, we do know that gravity is a faulty theory, it doesn’t really fit with general relativity and direct observation outside a limited scenario. But of course we can just invent a dark matter that we can’t see and measure, and a dark energy that we can’t see and measure, and all is peachy.

        2. Eggs ‘n beer

          I think part of the problem is who is doing the ridiculing. In the main I think it comes from mainstream medicine which has a huge interest in stifling it. Just as Galileo’s observations of Jupiter’s moons was ridiculed and suppressed by the Catholic Church because it was against their doctrines (for which he was placed under house arrest for life), so Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy, was ridiculed, banned from practicing and driven from town to town by the apothecaries, whose livelihoods were threatened by cheap, effective medicines which Hahnemann refused to let them prepare because he couldn’t trust them to do it properly. Homeopathy isn’t ridiculed because it doesn’t work. Galileo wasn’t jailed because he was wrong.

          The argument about “what would have happened” surely applies to any type of treatment?

          Would the example I gave earlier serve as a randomised trial, an example of the effectiveness of homeopathic gelsemium against the Spanish ’flu?

          Click to access A_Chorus_of_Fifty_in_Harmony.pdf

          Such a trial for acute diseases would be relatively straightforward as you could only use one remedy and potency. But not blinded to the prescriber.

          For chronic or local affections it’s not so straightforward because you aren’t trialling a remedy, but homeopathy. You never prescribe based on a name of a disease, but on the symptoms of the person. All the symptoms, not just the symptoms of the disease, including their appearance, medical history, that of their parents and siblings, concomitants, fears, angers, allergies, likes and dislikes, sleep, and so on. Often it doesn’t take too long as it can become clear quite quickly which remedy is appropriate but for the next visit the homeopath has to know the remedy, potency and date prescribed. The follow-up visits may require another remedy or no remedy. A single remedy can continue to give general improvements (less anxiety, better sleep, more energy) to the patient for months whilst not affecting the issue they came for (e.g. urticaria, which has 140 remedies listed for it with 83 sub-rubrics) one iota, but during this time another remedy must not be given. Determining end points would be impossible.

          If you are looking for studies in homeopathy, googling “homeopathy journals” does the trick. If you follow

          you can check out

          on the treatment of sub-clinical hypothyroidism, for example. Or for infertility,


  48. End Rockefeller Medicine

    The late great Dr. Shiv Chopra on why vaccine-by-injection disrupts normal biological function:

    Vaccines and the Basics of Biology

    Anyone knowing the basics of biology should know:

    1. That all vaccines by their very nature are antigens and that every antigen by definition must be a foreign protein or a substance attached to one’s own or some other foreign protein;

    2. That no foreign protein can be absorbed into the blood stream unless it is digested in the alimentary canal into its basic amino acids;

    3. That it is these amino acids which after being absorbed into the blood stream are reconstituted into one’s own proteins and it is these proteins which distinguishes every being of existence into self and non-self.

    4. That any interference or tampering with these laws of existence can bring calamity to the being in which it occurs such as by causing auto-immune conditions like autism, etc.

    This is precisely what may be occurring due to vaccine injections in people. Surprisingly, I am presently the only scientist who is reminding others about this phenomenon of existence. If I am wrong, I would like to be corrected by those claiming to possess better knowledge of same.

    The foreign proteins in vaccines originate from not only the infectious organisms against which one wishes to produce infection-fighting antibodies but also the artificial media in which these organisms are grown. Contained in such media may include one or more of the following materials: bovine serum, horse serum, chicken egg, monkey kidney, insect cells and even human fetal cells.

    Apart from the foreign proteins, vaccines may also contain other harmful substances, including mercury, aluminum, formalin, oily adjuvants, etc., plus untold number of stray viruses with the potential to cause cancer, HIV, serum-hepatitis and so on.

    Meanwhile, evidence indicates that except for smallpox, no other infectious disease, e.g.: tuberculosis, cholera, typhoid, anthrax, measles, mumps, rubella, DPT, polio, influenza and others, has been eradicated and that this continues to be so despite the decades of vaccinations against each of these diseases. Also, during the same period, the incidence of many previously uncommon diseases, such as autism, diabetes, allergies and cancer has been increasing in pandemic proportions.

    I feel that it is time to demand a moratorium on, at least, the compulsory vaccinations for children, health care professionals and military personnel until such time that these issues are reviewed and discussed in an open and transparent manner with the due involvement of the public.

    1. AhNotepad

      ERM, your post is interesting and suits my bias with one exception, I would contest that smallpox was even reduced by vaccination. Like many diseases it appeared to be more affected by sanitation and nutrition than some medical ritual called variolation. Indeed, the incidence of smallpox in Britain reduced markedly after mandatory vaccination was halted. (Dissolving Illusions, Bystrianyk and Humphries) See

    2. johnsymes

      This does not make sense.
      Your first sentence is:
      The late great Dr. Shiv Chopra on why vaccine-by-injection…..
      Shortly after it is stated in point number 2
      That no foreign protein can be absorbed into the blood stream unless it is digested in the alimentary canal into its basic amino acids

      Vaccines by injection do not go through the alimentary canal??!!

  49. thecovidpilot

    It sounds like homeopathy really isn’t considered to be a testable system–in terms of gathering information about large numbers of cohorts treated with the same remedy. There ought to be a way to test it–even if one reports case studies of those who benefited and those who didn’t, with therapies specified for each case.

    You hear from those who benefited, but not from those who didn’t. You would need some sort of controlled study to measure the failures/successes and look at the commonalities of each. Homeopaths are unlikely to report failures and patients who were treated and didn’t benefit would be unlikely to report failures.

    Now as to commonalites…suppose that in a large proportion of the successes vitamin D3 were taken at a rate of 50 units per pound of body weight, but in the failures there was no D3 supplementation. That might indicate that D3 is a confounder of homeopathic remedies.

    1. Eggs ‘n beer

      There is a huge wealth of case reports in the homeopathic journals from around the world. Millions or tens of millions. Detailing failures as well as successes. Because one learns from your failures. Similarly with the textbooks. However these are derisively termed “anecdotal” by the opposition because they aren’t “properly tested”. Here’s a list of anecdotes from a mainstream medical journal in the 1920s, this is how all medical matters were reported back then. It seems to cover your request for “gathering information about large numbers of cohorts treated with the same remedy.”, and comparing it to ‘conventional’ medicine.

      Click to access A_Chorus_of_Fifty_in_Harmony.pdf

      During a cholera epidemic in the 1860s question were asked in the House as to why the data from the homeopathic hospitals wasn’t included in the fatality rates being reported. The answer was that they would unreasonably distort the death rates, as nobody treated there had died …. you can lead a horse to water, but even if homeopaths got it to do backstroke it would be dismissed as an illusion.

  50. thecovidpilot

    “Haiti cholera epidemic caused by UN troops, say experts”

    No cholera in Haiti before UN troops brought it in.

    Keep pushing the toxin nonsense and people will consider you to be cranks.

    Keep saying that animal model studies to test Koch’s Postulates for human pathogenic viruses are invalid and people will think you are crazy. First rule of medicine, “First, do no harm.” Yet you require that humans be infected with possible pathogens to test Koch’s Postulates for the organism?

    In order to test Koch’s Postulates, you have to first find test subjects without immunity. By now, everyone has some sort of immunity to covid, so you won’t likely find human test subjects to test KP for SARS-COV-2. But you can find animal models to test KP on. Like this study shows.

    The mice subjects consisted of two groups. One group had been modified to express the ACE2 receptor and the other group was unmodified.

    “We observed weight loss as well as virus replication in the lungs of hACE2 mice infected with SARS-CoV-2. The typical histopathology was interstitial pneumonia with infiltration of considerable numbers of macrophages and lymphocytes into the alveolar interstitium, and the accumulation of macrophages in alveolar cavities. We observed viral antigens in bronchial epithelial cells, macrophages and alveolar epithelia. These phenomena were not found in wild-type mice infected with SARS-CoV-2. Notably, we have confirmed the pathogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 in hACE2 mice. This mouse model of SARS-CoV-2 infection will be valuable for evaluating antiviral therapeutic agents and vaccines, as well as understanding the pathogenesis of COVID-19.”


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